Fishing in the city of Barcelona, goes back to the origins of the city, however, the fishermen and the Barceloneta district, or neighborhood of the beach as they used to call him at that time, they form a lovely drive, since its foundation.
The commercial activity that took place in Barcelona, during the 14th century, it was manifested in the construction of large temples. The temple of Santa María del Mar, is an example, about its central altar, today, may be its origins; specifically, there is a representative effigy of a medieval boat in recognition of the brotherhood of fishermen and sailors of Barcelona.
There are other examples of recognition in performances of brethren, who can be seen in major, in the capitals of the columns of the Interior and in the arches on the façade. The fisherman brothers, also had keys and were able to hold meetings on the inside. When the year 1328, he finished the construction of the temple, the workforce provided, both marine, as fishermen was almost as important as that of “bastaixadors” (carriers of shots or rocks)
Later, in 1753 was placed the first stone of what would be the District of la Barceloneta, the construction of which stood the temple of San Miguel of the Port, which would become the official venue for the meetings of the Guild of fishermen who moved in the sacristy. The temple he officiate the first ceremony at the end of September, 1755, shortly before that get opened the neighborhood according to the established, which was in the following month, October 1755.
During the reign of Carlos III, in 1772, was installed the first Lantern in the Port, the current clock tower (clock tower), which was a novelty for the navigation of the time, to be one of the first in the Mediterranean from then on, turning the key symbol, which identifies both the neighborhood and the fishing port.
During the modern age, Trade Union institutions, suffered serious changes in their regime of autonomy and privileges, due to political changes and Governments that were happening. Between the years 1700 and 1800, the fishing activity of Barcelona, was divided into three guilds: the fishermen’s Guild, the Guild of sailors and the Association of “master shipwright” (boat builders).
The assets of the fishermen’s Guild was limited to three huts on the beach, that constituted his headquarters.
The Guild had a brotherhood, which has commissioned the health care issues, which, it is economically Otter of the contributions of its members in the form of quotas, applied on fish sales made. The funds raised were used to attend the sick fishermen. Even establishing the first precedents of what later would be the retirement pensions, since the fishermen due to their advanced age, could not exercise his profession, perceived a pension arising from the contributions made to the other members of the Organization are active. Also the widows and minor children receiving financial assistance from this Fund.
Later the King Fernando VII in 1827, limited with a Real order, the functions of the fishing guilds and stripped of his privileges, starting the decline of these associations.
The “fishermen’s Sediment”, new name of the group, was to promote the creation of boxes of credit and management institutions, the amplitude of the services paid in “Fallout”, he became avanzadilla of what then was generalized in the rest of the guilds City, which led to the so-called “Cooperativist Movement”, a great exponent of the spirit that marked the beginning of the 20th century.
The Spanish Civil War, and especially the bombings focused on the port of Barcelona, ended up with a substantial part of the fishing fleet, the recovery in the long period of depression and poverty suffered by the city ended the war, was an example of cones resource and tenacity.
General Franco, aware of the strategic value of the fishing sector in Spain, institutionalised trade associations, and from the year 1943 was mandatory for all fishermen and ship owners of fishing boats, join the guilds of fishermen, inevitably linked to the Church and to the Vertical Trade Union.
It was not until the year 1945 when it was created the current fishermen’s Association of Barcelona, its founders were the fishermen of the port of Barcelona, who built a social building through popular collection, this building was built in the current Passeig Joan de Borbó, no. 54 (formerly National Ride), becoming since then to its headquarters, offices and administration.
Despite the vicissitudes of history, and after the centuries since the creation of the first fishermen’s Association, her spirit prevails, of course adapted to the present day, now the fishermen’s Association of Barcelona, like the rest of guilds of Catalan fishermen, are under the regulation of the general Directorate of fisheries of the Government of Catalonia, and regulated by law 22/2002 of 12 July.